Second hand smoke facts, myth, is it worse?, effects, symptoms, third hand, definition and effects on children’s heath
Second hand smoke myth
Comprehensive smoking bans have proliferated everywhere. And now that there is a lot of evidence has had time to accumulate, it’s also become clear that the extravagant promises made by the anti-smoking groups—that implementing of such bans would bring about an extraordinary improvement in cardiac health—which never materialized.
Newer, better studies second hand smoke facts that has larger sample sizes have thus found little to no correlation that exists between smoking bans and some short-term incidence of the heart attacks, and certainly nothing remotely close to 60 percent reduction that is claimed.
The updated science of second hand smoke facts also debunks the alarmist fantasies which were used to sell the smoking bans to public, thus allowing for a sober analysis which suggests that current restrictions on smoking are extreme from the risk-reduction standpoint.
Is second hand smoke worse than smoking?
Secondhand smoke is also known as the environmental tobacco smoke. It’s a mixture of 2 forms of smoke which comes from burning tobacco:
- Mainstream smoke: The smoke that is exhaled by a smoker.
- Sidestream smoke: Smoke from lighted end of a cigarette, cigar, or tobacco burning in a hookah. This smoke contains a higher concentrations of cancer-causing agents and is toxic than the mainstream smoke.
It also contains smaller particles than the mainstream smoke. These particular smaller particles make their way into lungs and the body’s cells easily.
When non-smokers are exposed to SHS it’s known as the involuntary smoking or also known as passive smoking. Non-smokers who breathe in the SHS take in nicotine and some amount of toxic chemicals in a similar way that smokers do. The more amount of such smoke you inhale, the higher the levels of these harmful chemicals in your body.
Secondhand smoke facts also points out that such smoke also has the same harmful chemicals which smokers inhale. There’s no safe level of exposure which is recommended for secondhand smoke.
Second hand smoke facts; effects
Secondhand smoke is indicated to cause cancer. It also has more than 7,500 chemicals, which include at least 70 that can lead to cancer.
SHS leads to lung cancer – even in people who never smoke. There’s also some amount of evidence which suggest that it can be linked in adults to cancers of:
- Larynx(voice box)
- Nasal sinuses
It’s possibly linked in children to:
- Liver cancer
- Brain tumors
Secondhand smoke facts also indicate that such smoke can be very much harmful in several ways. For instance, it affects the heart as well as the blood vessels, increases the risk of heart attack and also stroke in non-smokers.
Some of the studies have linked such smoke to mental as well as emotional changes. For example, some have shown that exposure to SHS is linked to several symptoms of depression. More research is required on second hand smoke facts so as to better understand the link that exists between SHS and the mental health.
Young children are usually affected by SHS and might not be able to avoid it. Most of their exposure to come from adults (parents or others) who are smoking at home. Studies also indicate that children whose parents smoke:
- Get sick often
- Have more lung infections (such as bronchitis and pneumonia)
- Are likely to cough, wheeze, and experience shortness of breath
- Get more ear infections
Secondhand smoke may also trigger asthma attacks, make the asthma symptoms to be worse, and even lead to new cases of asthma in children who didn’t have the symptoms before.
Some of the problems can also appear to be small, but they might add up quickly. Think of expenses, hospital visits, medicines, and often lost work time for the parent who is supposed to stay home with the sick child. And this doesn’t include the discomforts that the child undergoes.
In young children, second hand smoke facts indicates that such smoke increases the risk for serious problems, which includes sudden infant death syndrome.
Second hand smoke facts; symptoms
It might also emanate from a cigarette, or pipe. Tobacco smoke contains more than 5,000 chemical compounds, at least 250 are known to lead to the disease.
Exposure to the secondhand smoke raises the risk — by about 30 percent — that others can get lung cancer and several other types of cancer, it can cause the emphysema, and it is bad for the heart.
Second hand smoke facts also notes that the smoke makes the blood to be stickier, raises your “bad” LDL cholesterol, and also damages the lining of blood vessels. Eventually, these particular changes can make you to be more likely to have a heart attack.
Secondhand smoke carries several health risks. At least 250 harmful chemicals have also been identified in secondhand smoke, which includes at least 45 carcinogens (chemicals that are known to lead to cancer). Just some of the dangerous chemicals which are found in secondhand smoke include vinyl chloride, benzene, and also ethylene oxide.
Secondhand smoke is indicated to cause cancer. It has been classified as a “known human carcinogen” by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. It is also associated with the cardiovascular as well as respiratory diseases including several other serious health conditions
What is third hand smoke?
Third hand smoke is a residual nicotine as well as other chemicals left on the indoor surfaces by the tobacco smoke. People are largely exposed to the chemicals by touching contaminated surfaces or even breathing in the off-gassing from the surfaces.
This residue is said to react with the common indoor pollutants so as to create a toxic mix that include cancer causing compounds, thus posing a potential health hazard to nonsmokers — more especially children.
Third hand smoke clings to the clothes, drapes, walls, carpets, vehicles and other surfaces after smoking has stopped. The residue from third hand smoke builds up on surfaces over a period of time.
To get rid of the residue, fabrics as well as the upholstery require to be regularly cleaned or even laundered. Third hand smoke can’t be eliminated by airing out rooms, opening windows or air conditioners, or even confining smoking to only some areas of a home.
Second hand smoke facts points out that children and nonsmoking adults also at a higher risk of tobacco-related health problems when they inhale, swallow or even touch substances that contain third hand smoke. Infants as well as very young children might have increased exposure to the third hand smoke because of their tendency to mouth objects as well as touch affected surfaces.
Third hand smoke is a new concept, and researchers are still studying its dangers. In the meantime, the only way that can be used to protect nonsmokers from third hand smoke is through creation of a smoke-free environment.
- Thirdhand smoke may be a culprit in more cancer cases
Researchers are also investigating third hand smoke as they seek to understand some of the puzzling lung cancer cases.
“There’s been an increased interest recently because doctors are seeing more of the lung cancer cases which are not related directly to firsthand or even secondhand smoking,” Dr. Choi says. “So doctors are looking at other causes for cancer other than from direct exposure.”
- Third hand smoke may damage DNA
One study found out that being exposed to the third hand smoke might lead to damage and breaks in human DNA. Researchers also tested human cells in a laboratory rather than the actual humans. But Dr. Choi indicates that DNA damage is a real risk and can increase your chances of the disease.
- Residue may react with airborne chemicals to form carcinogens
When smoking in a room or car, toxic chemicals such as nicotine cling to walls, and other surfaces, and also the skin. Results of a study that was published in 2010 found that when the nicotine reacts with the nitrous acid in air, it forms carcinogens, which are compounds that can lead to cancer.
Although this indicates a very dangerous connection, “It hasn’t been proven that third hand smoke is correlated with other conditions,” Dr. Choi says. “And that will be very difficult in proving that because we are all exposed to it no matter how hard we avoid it.”
For this particular reason, the specific risks of thirdhand smoke are still not fully clear.
- Children are most at risk
“Children are the most vulnerable to thirdhand smoke due to the exposure to surfaces such as the floor and on their clothes as well as other objects in house,” Dr. Choi says.
This is especially true for young children who frequently touch objects and put their hands in mouths. This might then increase their exposure to toxic chemicals.
Non-smoking adults who live with the regular smokers are also at a higher risk for thirdhand smoke exposure. Dr. Choi also says that it might be very to study these people in the long term.
- Removing the residue is very difficult
Thirdhand smoke residue also builds up over time on most of the surfaces that it touches. It may remain for several months or even years. It resists normal cleaning methods and you can’t air it out of rooms or even the cars using the fans or vacuums.
For this particular reason, sometimes the only solution is that is available is replacing carpets, repainting walls or cleaning ventilation systems. So it’s very much expensive to completely get rid of a room of thirdhand smoke and also do away with the risk of exposure to owners.
Second hand smoke facts definition
Secondhand smoke refers to the tobacco smoke which is passively breathed in by people in vicinity of a person who is smoking. Terms which have been used to refer to secondhand smoke are passive smoking or environmental tobacco smoke. second hand smoke facts are several in number.
Secondhand smoke is normally a mixture of the smoke from tobacco product itself and exhaled smoke from the smoker (also called the mainstream smoke).
When a nonsmoker inhales this secondhand smoke, he or she is largely exposed to the same toxins as well as the chemicals, which includes nicotine, as the smoker.
Exposure of the children to secondhand smoke also increases their health risks; and children are vulnerable to the effects of environmental tobacco smoke. Even children who do not live with the smokers might be at risk for any adverse effects of secondhand smoke.
Chemicals which emanate from tobacco smoke inhaled through a nursing mother are also known to reach the breast milk.
Cigarettes are the most common sources of the secondhand smoke, which is then closely followed by cigars and finally pipe smoke. People are exposed to environmental tobacco smoke anywhere – in their homes, in the workplace, and also in recreational settings.
Effects of secondhand smoke on children’s health
Kids are especially at a risk for the effects of the secondhand smoke due to the fact that their bodies are still growing and they can breathe at a faster rate than the adults.
These particular conditions have been linked to secondhand smoke exposure amongst the children:
- Sudden infant death syndrome
- More respiratory infections (like bronchitis and pneumonia)
- More severe and frequent asthma attacks
- Chronic cough
Smoking while a woman is pregnant is especially dangerous to the developing baby. It’s usually tied to premature delivery, low birth weight, limited mental ability, trouble with the learning, and also the ADHD. The more cigarettes that a mother-to-be smokes, then the greater the danger to the baby.
How to Avoid Secondhand Smoke
It’s simple: Avoid being around people who are smoking, try convincing those around you who smoke to stop. Anyone who does smoke should do so outside in the open, as far away from other people as possible.
Your home is the most important place to keep smoke-free, especially if you have young children. Keeping kids far away from smoke might assist to lower their chances of having respiratory infections, severe asthma, and many other serious conditions such as cancer.
- We Used Terrible Science to Justify Smoking Bans: http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/medical_examiner/2017/02/secondhand_smoke_isn_t_as_bad_as_we_thought.html
- Health Risks of Secondhand Smoke: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-causes/tobacco-and-cancer/secondhand-smoke.html
- The Effects of Secondhand Smoke: https://www.webmd.com/smoking-cessation/effects-of-secondhand-smoke
- Secondhand Smoke: https://www.medicinenet.com/secondhand_smoke/article.htm
- What is third hand smoke, and why is it a concern: https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/expert-answers/third-hand-smoke/faq-20057791
- 5 Dangers of Thirdhand Smoke — Especially to Children, Non-Smokers: https://health.clevelandclinic.org/2017/04/5-things-you-should-know-about-the-risks-of-thirdhand-smoke/