For the people who have dry skin patches on face, here, in this article, we look at the dry skin on face, dry skin that is itchy and not itchy and how to get rid of the flaky skin on face
Dry red skin on face
The skin on face is one of the most important body parts. But, when facial skin becomes very dry, it can feel very rough and also tight, even reddened and itchy. There are many causes for a person having dry facial skin and also understanding those can assist in discovering relevant solutions.
Skin dryness and the relation to facial skin types
Dry skin patches on skin is common, although some other people are more prone to it than other people. The facial skin types are normal, dry, oily or even combination skin. As people age, they also consider how skin ageing affects skin.
- Normal type facial skin refers to skin which is neither prone to dryness nor even the oiliness. Most of the factors can lead to normal facial skin becoming dry.
- Dry type facial skin is facial skin which has a tendency to be very dry and usually feels tight and very rough in some other areas.
- Oily type facial skin is much less likely to becoming dry, except in case of having excessive washing, or even following a poor skin care routine.
- Combination type facial skin develops dryness in some of the areas of face, especialy on the cheeks, whereas the T-zone is oily.
Dry facial skin might become rough and also scaly.
Signs & symptoms of dry and very dry skin
When facial skin starts losing moisture, the dryness can be only noticed as:
- Tightness and
Very dry skin
If this initial dryness is not urgently treated, it can then become:
- Very tight
At this stage it is very much possible that dryness-induced fine lines develop, which leads to premature skin ageing as well as the wrinkle formation.
Dry skin patches on face cannot regulate its hydration.
Internal and external factors disrupts skin´s hydration ability and cause dry skin.
Sensitive dry facial skin
when the face becomes dry, it becomes sensitive and sometimes hypersensitive; but, facial sensitive skin and hypersensitive facial skin are not always related to the dryness.
As sensitive and also hypersensitive facial skin is usually characterized by the Hyper-reacting nerves fibers in epidermis, it is important to avoid skin care products which have irritating ingredients like perfumes and colorants. Always check to ensure that the product is dermatologically tested on the sensitive skin.
Dry facial skin and diseases
- Inflammatory skin conditions such as the Atopic Dermatitis and Psoriasis are linked to the facial dryness.
- Metabolic conditions like diabetes mellitus as well as the kidney diseases can increase the risk of dry skin.
- Some of the acne medications, either topical or oral, can lead to oily, acne-prone skin becoming dry.
There is further information on the dry skin, which includes tips on prevention of dry skin, and also information on other skin conditions like Atopic Dermatitis, Psoriasis as well as diabetes, on our website. But if you are much worried or even unsure about your symptoms, or they are becoming much worse, we recommend that you see your dermatologist for a face-to-face diagnosis.
Dry flaky skin patches on face
Facial psoriasis is normally a chronic skin condition in which there are persistent, red and dry skin patches on face.
Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease which affects any skin site. Facial involvement happens at some time in half of those affected by the psoriasis. Although it is mild, facial psoriasis is very extensive involving the hairline, neck, ears and also the facial skin.
It is very rare to have the psoriasis happening solely on face. Most of the patients have scalp psoriasis and they may also have severe psoriasis at other sites.
Patients having facial psoriasis often suffer from psychosocial problems because of the presence of unsightly scaly plaques on the highly visible areas.
Facial involvement normally presents a therapeutic challenge as the facial skin is very thin, sensitive and complicated to treat.
The causes of dry skin patches on face are similar to psoriasis in general. Psoriasis is usually associated with inappropriate activation of immune system leading to inflammation and also increased proliferation of the skin cells.
There is a genetic predisposition, but environmental influences are very crucial, which includes stress, infection and certain medications.
Facial psoriasis might also be aggravated by:
- ultraviolet radiation – some of the patients have photosensitivity, i.e. the psoriasis is usually aggravated by exposure to sun
- skin flora, especially the yeast malassezia
Dry skin patches on face that won’t go away
Unlike other parts of body like on scalp, flaky patches on face might be hard to hide. Those people who choose to cover them up in make-ups can end up worsening the condition, making it more uncomfortable and also irritating.
Dry patches on skin can be brought about by different condition, some are very common whereas others will need agent medical attention.
Our skin has natural oils which keeps the skin moisturized and hydrated. The natural oil on skin (on face and other parts of body) blocks moisture from escaping skin. The oils also assist in controlling the amount of water that your body loses via normal process such as sweating. Activities like long hot shower can rid your body of important oils. This leaves skin looking and feeling very dry.
Red dry skin patches on face or on skin could be an indication or symptoms of different skin conditions. Red patches could be a sign of:
- Rosacea: this is a skin condition in which some of the facial blood vessels enlarge making the cheeks and nose to have a flushed appearance. Rosacea is a skin condition that is characterized by redness of the face. This skin condition is said to be worse with stress, extreme weather conditions, and also the physical activities. The condition might also worsen due to some skin care or even the cosmetic products.
- Extreme dry skin is also a possible cause of redness on face. When facial skin is very dry, it might become red or lead to facial dermatitis (a skin condition in which skin becomes red, swollen and very sore). Facial dermatitis can lead to the skin developing small itchy blisters emanating from direct irritation of skin.
- Flushing of skin is another possible cause of the red dry patches on the face and several other parts of the body. Your face can flush from taking some of prescription or over the counter medication, thus having abnormal body temperature, and high consumption of alcohol or eating very spicy or hot foods.
- Red patches or discoloration of skin can also be brought by some of the skin conditions such as psoriasis (which is an inflammatory skin condition that leads to patches of discolored skin on the face) vitiligo(which is a skin condition in which the skin cells can stop to produce pigment) and melisma (a skin condition that leads to the skin becoming darker than normal)
Dry skin patches on skin not itchy
Dark dry patches on skin may or may not itch. As mentioned earlier, dry patches can be brought about by both skin conditions and the environmental factors. Understanding actual underlying cause of condition is the first step in attempting to treat and getting rid of dark patches on skin.
Inflammatory skin condition is the major cause of the dark patches not only on face but also other parts of body. Inflammatory skin condition includes a condition like psoriasis and other forms of the dermatitis. It is this skin conditions that results in patches on your face that appear dry, dark and red.
Dry skin patches on face is brought about by lack of moisture is also a cause of dark patches on skin. For the case of dry skin, the dark patches will start to flake or even peel. The patches might also begin to crack. This can be very irritating and also discomforting to experience.
Dark patches on skin could also be an indication of skin cancer. Skin cancer is uncontrolled growth of the abnormal skin cells. Skin cell cancer happens when unrepaired DNA damage to the skin triggers mutation.
On face and several other parts of skin, this mutation is normally triggered by overexposure to ultraviolet radiation that emanates from sun. Skin cancer can also be brought about by genetic defects that leads to the skin to multiply rapidly and thus form malignant tumors.
From these, it is very true to say that the dark dry patches that are on skin should not be taken lightly. Urgent medical diagnosis is needed, establishing what underlying cause of patches is can be of importance in treating and also preventing the patches from spreading to several other parts of the body or face.
How to get rid of dry skin patches on face overnight
- Use warm rather than hot water to wash your face. How water leads to your skin to dry out by losing the precious moisture. On hot days, splash some amount of the cold water on your face as soon as you get home so as to cool down your skin and thus minimize the time heat lingers on your face.
- Use of the mild cleansers: if you have a dry skin on face, you should consider getting rid of the normal soaps as they are normally harsh (has sodium lauryl sulfate which dehydrates the skin) and then use a mild cleanser that is specifically designed for use on face. You should also consider use of the fragrance-free cleansers as those that have fragrances normally have alcohols which dehydrates the face. Cleansers that have ceramides are good for dry skin as it keeps more moisture.
- Apply moisturizers: after washing face, you should consider use of moisturizing lotion or cream on your face. This is better done when the skin is still very moist. If you are not very sure what product to use, go for a good cream or even a lotion that is specifically designed for face. If you use a moisturizer but still have a dry skin on face, you should look for another product with ceramides, shea butter or stearic acid.
- Keep your face protected: it is a great idea to protect your face from all the drying elements as much as possible. For instance you should ensure use sunscreen that has an SPF of not less than 30 if you have to be outdoors in sun for long and use a scarf so as to protect yourself from harsh weather in winter. Use of a petroleum jelly like Vaseline also assists to keep your skin protected from skin patches on face.
- Use a humidifier: Dry air in house is one of typical causes of skin dryness in winter and at night. It is therefore a very great idea to run a humidifier in bedroom as you sleep at night so as to prevent any excessive drying of air. The humidifier adds moisture to skin. Humidity level of about 50 percent is great.
Dry skin patches on face home remedies
Exfoliate the dry skin usually patches up to about 3 times per week. Use a gentle exfoliating scrub, sponge or even the loofah so as to scrub off dead skin. Exfoliating is important to get rid of the dead skin barrier which prevents moisture from soaking into skin. Pat your skin dry with a towel after exfoliating. Do not rub using the towel, which may make the dry patches worse.
Apply the moisturizer daily to skin patches on face immediately after bathing. Moisturizing skin while it’s still slightly damp assists to lock in moisture that’s already on skin. Look for moisturizers which have alpha-hydroxyl acids or even urea, and thus avoid products which have fragrances or dyes. Apply moisturizer to dry skin patches again before going to sleep.
Soak in bathtub about 3 times a week so as to soften the dry skin patches. Add about 2 cups of Epsom salt to lukewarm bath, then soak for 10 minutes. Use the small handfuls of salt while soaking to gently scrub the skin patches on face. Toss a couple of the tablespoons of olive or jojoba oil into bath water after soaking for some minutes with just Epsom salt. The oil can assist to absorb and then seal in the moisture.
Treat the dry skin patches on face using milk for a few times in a week. Moisten a washcloth using cold milk and then lay it on dry patches for about 10 minutes at a time. The lactic acid that is in the milk assists to get rid of dead skin and helps the skin in retaining the moisture.
- How to deal with dry facial skin: https://int.eucerin.com/skin-concerns/dry-skin/dry-and-verydry-facial-skin
- Treating Red, Dry Skin Patches on Your Face: https://medicorx.com/treating-red-dry-skin-patches-on-your-face/
- Facial psoriasis: https://www.dermnetnz.org/topics/facial-psoriasis/
- Dry Patches on Face, On Scalp, Not Itchy, Causes, Treatment and Home Remedies: https://treatpanel.com/dry-patches-face-scalp-not-itchy-causes-treatment-home-remedies/
- How to Get Rid of Dry Skin on Face Fast or Overnight: https://beautysight.org/dry-skin/how-to-get-rid-of-dry-skin-on-face-fast-overnight/
- How to Get Rid of Dry Skin Patches: https://www.livestrong.com/article/199624-how-to-get-rid-of-dry-skin-patches/