A look at the white spots on hands, on palms, on skin, on legs, pictures, on arms, from sun, fungus and treatment.
White Spots on Palms
Appearance of small white spots on hands and other parts of skin might be brought about by several things which includes physical trauma such as calluses or even the chemical agents on skin as well as the skin diseases.
Some of the skin diseases that leads to small white spots on hands include such infections as vitiligo. This particular infection has no symptoms and thus affects the hands first.
Below is a discussion on all the infections that causes the spots on hands.
- Tinea Versicolor
The fungi which leads to this infection is found on skin. But, if the fungi has the right conditions, it can lead to small white spots on hands especially on humid environments. It affects mostly those people who frequent the tanning beds.
This fungal infection affects the adolescents and the young adults. This is due to the fact that there is a lot of sebum and dead skin cells being produced during the stage of human development. But the infection can also occur at any age especially when an individual is affected by several other skin infections such as seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff.
This infection affects about 10% of the human population although it can be eradicated by use of the antifungal medications but the discoloration of the skin might take a longer period of time to completely clear.
How does Tinea Versicolor present?
It appears as white patches on the trunk and the limbs.
The patches are usually small and oval in shapes. They grow and increase in size appearing as bigger balls. The infection patches appears white in dark-skinned people but dark in white –skinned people. A good way to determine whether the small white spots on hands are due to this infection is through observation especially after a hot bath or even an exercise.
If it itches when the temperature of the body is high, then it is most likely to be due to this infection.
A patient can just take oral antifungal agents so as to treat the infection. This includes the over-the-counter medications. There are two methods that can be used to get rid of the infection through oral antifungal agents. Usual short course of oral dose which is followed by sweating.
It takes a while for the infection to completely revert back to the normal skin color.
This is a skin pigmentation disorder that is caused by destruction of the melanocytes. If the condition is not addressed urgently, then the small white spots on hands may be permanent.
This condition affects just about 2% of the population. If the melanocytes are completely destroyed, then the production of melanin falls. This affects the skin color of the affected area which slowly whitens.
Small White Spots on Skin
White spots on hands and other parts of skin are brought about by several conditions and they are not a cause for any concern and can just be treated at home. They are caused by the below factors;
This condition is characterized by a skin having red and itchy rashes. This rashes might include white spots. The commonly affected areas of skin include the face, scalp, hands, feet, elbows etc.
The rash itches intensely especially at night. Over a period of time, the affected areas of the body may become darkened, dry, thickened and scaly.
The rashes flare up and recede without a pattern. The symptoms can remain dormant for a long period of time in the body.
The condition is very common in children but can also affect people of all ages. It is also common to people who have allergy.
Treatment of this condition focuses largely on symptom management. Use of the anti-itch creams might greatly assist to reduce the itching. Although the mentioned solutions aren’t enough, your doctor can recommend topical medications.
- Idiopathic Guttate hypomelanosis
This condition manifests as small white spots on hands and other parts of skin that receives a lot of sun exposure. This includes areas of the body like the face and legs. The spots are usually painless and also benign.
The condition is very common in people who have a light skin and appears in more women of younger ages than men. However, it affects more men above the age of 40 then women.
Wearing of the sunscreen and avoiding a lot of sun exposure is a recommended step in reduction of the appearance of the white spots. Ensure that you talk to your doctor about the use of laser treatments.
- Pityriasis alba
This condition usually start out as scaly plaques on cheeks and hands. They may be round or irregular in shape and dry to touch. They can also clear on their own or even fade to white over a period of time.
The skin disorder is common in children and teens. It is also likely to happen to people who are dark-skinned. The disorder is closely related to eczema.
The condition usually clears up on its own but can also recur.
Treatments are used to reduce the white patches on skin includes the topical steroids.
- Lichen sclerosus
This is a very rare condition that is seen in people of all ages. To women, it leads to small white patches around the anus. In men, it affects the foreskin of the penis and might also be found in other areas of the body.
Mild cases of the condition might not show noticeable symptoms. But, other symptoms might occur.
White Spots on Legs
This spots are nothing to worry about unless they are a source of discomfort as well as the psychological stress.
Some hypo pigmented spots may initially manifest as dots before worsening to become large white blotches. White spots on hands, legs and other parts of skin may appear as light-colored oval shaped or irregular patchy pigments.
- Tinea Versicolor
This is a fungal infection that affects the skin. The yeast responsible is found mostly on human skin. This infection is common to the population in the tropical regions. It causes no pain and is not spread from one person to another.
The yeast, result produces a substance that affects production of melanin, although they remain visible even after treatment. The infection can be controlled. In dark black skin, the white spots are more visible and do not tan.
Clinical observations have indicated that the infection can affect people across all races of either sex.
Sun tanning beds are used to get a cosmetically tanned skin which is darkened. After the process, white spots are likely to become to be more noticeable if the hypo pigmented spots are on skin. After tanning some of the conditions can produce more blotches include the following;
- Lichen Sclerosus
This is a long term skin problem causing thin white spots on skin mostly affecting the genital area but can also affect any other part of the skin.
- Skin Sensitivity
This can lead to white spots on skin. Some of the medications may produce reactions that trigger and increase skin sensitivity.
- Scar tissues
If scarring occurs to a part of skin, then that part lack melanin. This may result from an injury to skin or even an allergy as well as insect bites.
- Blood circulation
Poor blood circulation in the lower quarter of the body leads to coronary thrombosis.
- Venous Pooling
This can occur after standing for a long period of time or even siting for longer durations. This is mainly attributed to the deep veins whose function is moving of the deoxygenated blood back to the heart. Always consult your doctor so as to avoid drawing a wrong perception about the condition.
- Bier spots
This are small light macules that are found on the arms and legs of young people. They are characterized by irregular borders. They tend to become more prominent when the hands are free in position. The cases under study are not of genetic in nature
Small White Spots on Skin Pictures
White Spots on Arms
This can be an indication of a condition known as vitiligo, where the skin loses the melanin and is characterized by slow, enlarging white spots on hands and other parts of skin. The condition happens on both the male as well as the female in all races.
As of yet, there is no given cure prescribed by the doctors to vitiligo. The aim of condition is thus just slowing down the development of the white spots on hands. Some of the patients are given treatments which assists in returning their skin color.
This condition starts in hands but usually affects the top part of the hand where there is skin.
Patches that are found on underside of the hand or palms might be due to several other factors.
White Spots on Skin from Sun
After spending a lot of time outdoors, you might notice several white spots on skin. They are an indication of skin damage. Skin cells that have been exposed to UV rays from sun can stop the production of melanin thus creating areas of depigmentation or white spots.
In several other cases, the areas might darken from sun damage leading to brown spots, the spots are benign but they are an indication that you are doing less to protect the skin from overexposure to the rays and thus you should put more effort in protecting the skin from the harmful rays.
Idiopathic Guttate hypomelanosis is a disorder that leads to small white spots to occur. This is very common to the fair-skinned people but can also happen to the dark-skinned people.
The white spots on hands and other parts of skin are usually benign and are said to be caused by the sun exposure which destroys the melanocyte cells in skin. No treatment is required although preventative measures should be taken to protect the skin against the rays of the sun.
Sometimes, the depigmentation might be brought about by several other factors but only noticeable after exposure to the sun.
White Spots on Skin Fungus
Everybody has fungi and bacteria that naturally exists on skin, when a certain type of fungus starts growing rapidly, then it leads to a condition known as tinea versicolor which disables the cells that cause the skin to tan thus making the affected areas to appear as white spots.
The patches that are caused by this fungus can very in appearance. When an individual is exposed to the sun and the skin tans, the areas that are affected by the fungus appears as white spots and when the infection has been left for a long period of time, the patches appears pink in color.
Most of the doctors diagnose tinea versicolor upon a visual inspection of the affected areas of skin, a skin scraping to be examined under a microscope may be used for diagnosis.
White Spots on Hands Treatment
The preferred method of treatment for white spots on hands and other parts of skin depends on the cause of the spots.
Symptoms can resolve on their own. Most of the people do not seek treatment aside from the resulting skin discoloration.
Several medications to be applied to the skin might be prescribed so as to reduce inflammation, itchiness, as well as dryness that is associated with the condition.
Treatment options for the condition include:
- regular use of the moisturizers
- low-dose topical corticosteroid creams
- Elidel cream
Antifungal shampoos washes and creams are the first line of treatment of white spots on hands. Most of the antifungal medicines have pyrithione zinc, or ketoconazole.
Once symptoms have disappeared, further antifungal treatments might be necessary each month in hot environments or during summer months.
If a significant portion of the skin is highly affected or is not responsive to the topical medications, doctors might prescribe antifungal pills to be used for a short period. It normally takes months for the skin to regain its normal color once the spots have completely cleared.
Vitiligo might be treated by use of the topical creams, UV light treatment, or surgery.
Vitiligo tends affects large portions of skin and leads to significant skin discoloration. This might cause emotional distress.
Depending on severity of white spots on hands, and how a person feels about their appearance, several treatment options might be used to assist reduce vitiligo symptoms.
If symptoms are minor, some other people prevent the white patches from becoming very obvious by not allowing their skin to darken.
Treatment options that are available for vitiligo include:
- low-dose corticosteroid creams
- ultraviolet light treatment in combination with topical medications
- bleaching the skin that is surrounding large white patches so as to blend them
- tattooing over white patches
- surgery to remove the upper portions of affected skin
- What are these white spots on my skin: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319887.php
- Skin Fungus That Causes White Spots: https://healthfully.com/skin-fungus-causes-white-spots-5117458.html
- This Skin Fungus Is Super Common And You’ll Probably Get It At Some Point: https://www.buzzfeed.com/carolinekee/skin-fungus-everywhere?utm_term=.vsa39Y95q#.cveV9y9JN
- Small White Patches on Hands: http://www.progressivehealth.com/hands-white-patches.htm
- Causes of White Patches on Hand and Its Treatments: http://www.simple-remedies.com/home-remedies/skin-diseases/white-patches-on-hand.html
- What’s Causing Spots on My Skin and How Can I Treat Them: https://www.healthline.com/health/skin-disorders/white-spots-on-skin