A clear focus on the brown stains on teeth, causes, near gums, removal between teeth, back, of teeth, after braces, children and how to get rid of them.
Brown stains on teeth causes
Just like white spots on teeth, brown spots on teeth can worry you so much, but there’s several things that you can do to fix them. Tooth decay brought about by tartar may produce the brown stains when the oral care isn’t quite up to scratch, and some medical conditions might do so also.
Whatever the reason for the discoloration, the dentist or your dental hygienist may offer a solution that is based on the following.
- Decay: Brown spots are an indication of tooth decay that develops from snacking on the sugary and also the starchy foods that is in excess. Beverages that are very high in sugar do the same, thus creating plaque that normally sticks to the tooth surface and therefore damaging it over time. If the plaque isn’t gotten rid of by regular brushing, it does away with the enamel and turns it brown.
These brown spots on teeth can also come from the dentin underneath, which has a naturally darker shade when it is exposed by the worn enamel. Tooth decay is because of poor dental care and habits, and it not only impacts the color of the baby teeth, but might also damage the adult teeth below the gums.
- Tartar: When the plaque builds up on the teeth it hardens into a substance known as tartar, which is normally brown in color. Tartar usually appears at the line that is between the teeth and gums, and regular brushing using toothpaste doesn’t remove it.
- Fluorosis: Fluorosis is brought about by excessive amount of fluoride intake, and in severe cases brown spots on teeth can appear. Too much fluoride in the body, more especially in children whose teeth are still forming in the gum, discolors their tooth enamel.
Permanent white lines or the streaks normally indicate mild fluorosis, whereas the brown, gray or even black patches and pits that are found on top of an irregular tooth surface indicates more serious fluorosis. Although the teeth can look damaged, fluorosis is in fact only but a cosmetic condition. Unless the teeth are much decayed from another cause, they’re perfectly healthy.
- Celiac Disease: According to the Celiac Disease Awareness Campaign, the tooth enamel of the people who have Celiac disease is normally poorly developed. White, yellow and brown spots on teeth or bands can appear, and the enamel can be translucent.
Because the effects are much permanent, sufferers frequently choose restorations so as to cover the condition.
- Genetic Defects — we’re all different, and so are the teeth. The child’s teeth may be lighter or darker than other people’s just because of the genetic make-up.
- Changes in the tooth’s enamel or the dental trauma— this type of discoloration happens when a tooth has undergone some degree of change. Dental trauma is one of the main reasons why teeth change colors
- Iron and chromogenic bacteria — this factor isn’t as much complicated as it appears. Basically, this is staining brought about by certain foods, and medications.
Brown stains on teeth near gums
Healthy gums are firm, and cover the roots of the teeth. Usually the lower two thirds of a tooth is very much buried in the jaw bone.
Receding gums is a loss of gum tissue leading to the exposure of the roots of the teeth. Gum recession is a problem that might begin in the teens, but is very common in older adults. Gum recession is normally a progressive disorder that occurs day-by-day over several years.
This is why is very common over the age of 50. Most of the people do not notice that they have gum recession because it happens so slowly.
Many people don’t understand how to clean teeth properly leading to brown spots on teeth. Dentists may not have also been taught the most effective brushing technique in dental school (as proper teeth cleaning is very effective and reduces profitable dental problems).
Incorrect brushing or even flossing makes the bacteria to build up between the teeth and in the sulcus. Sulcular bacteria form the colonies and are the main reason for the development of gum disease and tooth decay.
Plaque is a soft, colorless biofilm that is formed by the mouth bacteria. If not removed, it tends to harden after a number of days and form calculus (tartar). Tartar is usually calcified mineral deposits on the teeth. It usually tends to stain much easily, and is visible as the brown or even the yellow stains on the teeth. It might also accumulate under the edges of the gums.
The most common bacteria that is associated with gum disease is porphyromonas gingivalis. An infection of the gums may lead to a chronic inflammatory response, which might contribute to the hardening and also narrowing of arteries (atherosclerosis), and a variety of other diseases depending on the individual.
Most of the doctors don’t make the connection between the periodontal disease and other chronic ailments, so they continue for several years.
Brown stains on teeth pictures
Brown stains between teeth
Surface stains happen between teeth and on the surfaces of the crooked teeth. They usually look brown, and often they are caused by coffee, tea and tobacco.
To prevent the surface stains, cut back on coffee, tea and also the red wine, and also avoid smoking. Visit the dentist regularly for professional cleanings, brush and floss much regularly.
Soft deposits are brought about by plaque or tartar build-up. Often these start from bacteria, and are usually due to improper oral hygiene. They might appear like dark and whitish areas around the gum line, and might be removed after the dental scaling and polishing.
Tetracycline stains may be yellow, brown or even gray. Multiple in-office bleaching might create a much whiter smile.
Intrinsic stains appears like white splotches or bands of brownish gray on the tooth surface. They can be because of genetics, medications or advanced decay by old silver fillings
Brown stains on back of teeth
Some medical conditions (which are not always related to dental condition) can lead to brown stains as symptoms. Children that have trauma can risk having disrupted enamel production, leading to stained teeth. Acid reflux and the bulimia (in which people normally vomit voluntarily) can lead to brown stains on back of teeth because of contact with the acid. Chemotherapy radiation that exposes neck and head can also lead to brown stains on teeth.
Stains on teeth are always unsightly, but brown stains on teeth and gums are very prominent and will reduce a person’s confidence. Also, depending on the reason for its existence, brown stains on teeth can be an indication of medical conditions or even dental problems you do not understand.
Brown stains on teeth near gums or between teeth crevices, for instance, may be brought about by very different factor compared to the brown stains that are only on the surface of the frontal teeth. Knowing the causes will assist you to determine the solution to erase the stain.
Brown stains on teeth after braces
The teeth may also become stained during the orthodontic treatment for many reasons, which is why some of the braces-wearers develop the problem while others don’t.
Traditional braces have a complex design of the brackets and wires that might trap food, causing a buildup of bacteria that leads to brown stains on teeth to form. It’s not the actual braces that lead to these stains but the plaque that forms in crevices you can’t easily get to.
Wearing of the braces makes it very difficult to get rid of the plaque, allowing it to create acids that leach the minerals from the enamel. This demineralization changes the way the tooth surface reflects the light, leading to the development of unsightly brown spots on teeth in the areas that are difficult to reach. Plaque also increases the risk for brown stains on teeth and also the gum disease while the braces are on.
It’s very essential to practice good dental hygiene at all times, but when you’re wearing the braces, the complete getting rid of this plaque is tough thing to do. Your best defense against brown stains on teeth should include:
- Eliminating of some foods and drinks from your diet, such as sugary or starchy items, high acid fruit drinks as well as sodas.
- Brushing and flossing of teeth after every meal, by use of a toothpaste is vital to maintain color and attack the germs that ruin it at the same time. To make this easier to manage, ground the diet to three meals a day and only brush 45 minutes after any given dish. This gives your enamel time to settle and your saliva time to wash away the acids left by the food.
- Regular dental cleanings assist to get rid of the tartar that you can’t eliminate on your own during daily brushing and flossing.
When the treatment is much over and the braces are completely removed, some of the dental professionals recommend waiting of up to six months before taking any steps to correct stained teeth. Often the saliva will be much enough to reduce the intensity of the marks once it reaches the tooth surfaces that were covered by braces.
After enough time has gone, however, you can use over-the-counter tooth-whitening products. Professional whitening processes like in-office bleaching can assist to provide a more even result, and after one or two treatments you should find mild brown stains on teeth disappear much completely.
Protecting yourself from the presence of the plaque in the first place is the effective way to avoid stained teeth from the braces, and then optimize good oral health.
- Early tooth decay. Children should be taught on how to brush and also floss from an early age. Inadequate dental hygiene is a very common source of the plaque formation and yellowing.
- Soda. Over time, the acids that are found in soda are known to lead to tooth erosion, making the kids’ teeth to be more susceptible to staining by the dark compounds that are normally found in cola and root beer.
- Medications. Some of the antibiotics and antihistamines can lead to brown stains on teeth of the kids. A child whose mother took some antibiotics, including tetracycline, during pregnancy, can be born with tooth discoloration.
- Fruit juice. Dark-colored juices such as cranberry and grape have pigments and very high amounts of sugar.
- Popsicles. You’ve at a point observed the darkening of the kids’ teeth, and tongue immediately after they’ve enjoyed one of the cold drinks. Keep in mind that the dyes that in popsicles work their way into the pores of the tooth enamel, also.
- Multivitamins. The iron found in multivitamins leads to a very small percentage of children to develop brown stains on teeth.
- Tooth Injury. When the trauma to the tooth reaches the gums, the tooth can turn a permanent grayish color.
- Fluoride consumption. Enough consumption of fluoride that is found in tap water or even the toothpaste may lead to some brown spots on teeth or white streaking.
- Jaundice. Newborns that have jaundice can develop a greenish tint to their teeth.
- Illness. Sometimes, tooth discoloration can be due to more serious illnesses, such as recurring infections or even the heart disease.
- Genetics. Babies who are born with weaker enamel have teeth that stain easily.
- Food flavoring. By some age, kids enjoy the same foods their parents do, such as salads dressed with balsamic vinegar or even rice drizzled with soy sauce. These sticky, pigmented flavors can greatly contribute to the tooth discoloration, together with everything from the tomato sauce to curry.
- Fruits and vegetables. Blueberries as well as beets are certainly good for you, each having plentiful amounts of beneficial vitamins for the little ones’ smiles. They are also highly pigmented and thus contribute to tooth staining.
- Hot beverages. You’ve noticed the effect of the hot water in the shower – it opens up the pores. The same goes for very hot beverages on the teeth. This opening of the tooth enamel’s pores leads to degeneration.
- Cold beverages. Very cold drinks essentially have the same effect as hot ones. The best thing to do is to keep things cool.
Brown stains on teeth are usually a result of coffee consumption. Over time these types of beverages stain the teeth on the surface and the stains may enter cracks and crevices available on the enamel of the tooth.
Even some of the medications can lead to brown stains on teeth, according to doctors. One example of medication leading to brown spots on teeth is the antibiotic,
Brown or yellow stains normally happen between the teeth or even near the gum line. These particular stains may come from the tobacco, pigmented food and liquids. The fastest and effective way of getting rid of tooth stains is to have your teeth professionally cleaned.
But there are a few dentist approved stain remedies that you can try at home.
- 1. Use a dry brush
When the toothbrush is dry, the bristles are stiffer and can get rid of stain effectively than a wet soggy toothbrush.
Try brushing the area that usually collects stain using a dry toothbrush before you brush the rest of the teeth using toothpaste. Be gentle and don’t try to scrub. Press the toothbrush into the teeth and use a circular or the massaging motion.
Mix together the baking soda and peroxide so as to form a thick paste and use to your toothbrush. Brush teeth with the paste to assist polish away the stains. The baking soda usually provides an exfoliating action as the hydrogen peroxide acts as a bleaching agent. According to doctors, you should be careful that you don’t use a lot of hydrogen peroxide as this can lead to burning and irritation.
- Baking Soda
Baking soda is non-abrasive and performs well for some tooth stains. Try dipping the wet toothbrush into a bit of the baking soda then brush the stained areas. You can also floss the stained areas before rinsing the baking soda off. It can although take a little getting used to the taste but is worth a try.
- Hydrogen Peroxide
The brown bottle of the hydrogen peroxide diluted can be applied as a mouthwash or mix a few drops with baking soda so as to make a homemade toothpaste. It is however not recommended using of this in place of toothpaste. You require fluoridated toothpaste to prevent cavities. Use this mixture as a stain remover.
- Add floss
There’s nothing that cleans between the teeth as well as dental floss. If you floss daily you are less likely to have stains between your teeth. Flossing prevents stain but is less effective at removing it.
- How to Get Rid of Brown Spots on Teeth: http://www.livestrong.com/article/164350-how-to-get-rid-of-brown-spots-on-teeth/
- 15 Common Causes of Tooth Discoloration in Kids: https://alamedapediatricdentist.com/2012/11/15-common-causes-of-tooth-discoloration-in-kids/
- Three Tips For Preventing Teeth Stains From Braces: http://www.colgate.com/en/us/oc/oral-health/cosmetic-dentistry/teeth-whitening/article/how-to-prevent-stained-teeth-from-braces-0116
- Everything to Know about Brown Stains on Teeth: http://healthku.com/everything-to-know-about-brown-stains-on-teeth/
- Removal Of Stains: http://www.hornsbydentist.com.au/hornsby-dental/removal-of-stains/