What causes tooth decay in adults, gum line, under a crown, bacteria, food, in children and treatment.

An insight into what causes tooth decay, adults, gum line, under crown, bacteria, food, children and treatment.

What causes tooth decay in adults

What causes tooth decay?

Poor Oral Hygiene Practices: This not only includes brushing of the teeth regularly, but also not flossing regularly, not brushing the tongue, and not also using a mouth wash. You should ensure that you brush the teeth at least twice a day – morning and also night, but it is much ideal to ensure that you brush after each and every meal.

And remember also to brush the teeth for at least 2 minutes. Set a little timer while you’re brushing so as to ensure that you brush the teeth for full 2 minutes. Improper oral hygiene can ultimately cause the tooth decay. Tooth decay because of poor oral hygiene is much avoidable.

tooth decay

tooth decay

Deep Tooth Crevices and Enamel Issues: people who have enamel issues and also who have deep crevices in the teeth are likely to experience problems with tooth decay. This is due to the deep crevices that allow bacteria and also the plaque easy access to grow.

Dental sealants are used to prevent the tooth decay in people who have deep tooth crevices. A dental sealant is much safe for the uninfected teeth for the prevention of the tooth decay.

Improper Nutrition: Avoid foods that are high in sugar, carbohydrates and acid is the best method that can be used to avoid tooth decay due to improper nutrition. Eating a healthy diet, which includes healthy foods and the avoidance of sugary acidic drinks is the way to go.

Sugary Foods: Sugary foods are friends of bacteria in the mouth. The bacteria in mouth literally feed off sugary foods, and begin to coat the teeth in damaging of the acid. This can all occur in a matter of short period of time and can happen several times over the course of one meal, which is the reason why it’s recommended to brush teeth after each meal so as to get rid of the acid.

Acidic Foods and Drinks: When people think of “acidic” they more likely think of “soda,” when in fact most of the common foods which are consumed on a daily basis have acid. Shockingly, even foods like the fish and bread have acid.

Of course, carbonated beverages like the soda, and also the fruit juice are acidic agents which can lead to tooth decay. Unlike the way the bacteria feed off of sugary foods so they are able to coat the teeth in acid, acidic foods and also the drinks immediately start to damage tooth enamel with their own acid.

Dry Mouth Issues: Due to the saliva assisting the inhibit the growth of plaque, people with dry mouth conditions can more than likely have the dental issues which causes tooth decay.

Dry mouth might be brought about by prescription medications, it might as well be genetic, or it may be brought about by medical conditions like the Diabetes. A dentist will work closely with a patient so as to prevent tooth decay because of dry mouth issues.

Tooth Grinding: Most people grind teeth and do not realize that they do this. Tooth grinding usually occurs when the people are asleep or when under immense stress. Tooth grinding causes tooth decay because of the fact that it strips the outer layer of enamel. Tooth grinding is very much preventable with the use of a bite guard and with the reduction of stress.

Genetics: Often times, most of the people have several issues with tooth decay due to genetics. Just as you inherit the color of eyes and also hair from the family, you inherit deep tooth crevices and enamel issues, which causes cavities.

Age: There are several reasons that cavities become common with age, but some are also due to common prescription medications which lead to having dry mouth, the recession of gums with age, and also improper oral hygiene catching up with age.

What causes tooth decay at the gum line

What causes tooth decay? Dentists disagree what leads to the grooves, but there are two lines of thought. One of them thinks they are brought about by grinding and the other line indicates that they are brought about by excessive brushing. It is believed they are brought about by both and can explain how to resolve the problem.


The best method that can be used to reduce grinding the teeth is to reduce the stress and calm down. In reality, most of the grinding is done in sleep. You should ensure that you consider wearing a bite plate so as to reduce nighttime grinding.

what causes tooth decay

what causes tooth decay

Toothbrush abrasion

Thorough, gentle brushing for about two minutes, twice a day using a soft toothbrush is the method of how you should clean the teeth. You might want to find a good, quality brush that is marked “soft.” If you are using something else, you should stop and put it in the garbage.

Bacterial Plaque

What causes tooth decay? As bacterial plaque accumulates on the teeth, according to the studies, it uses foods and drinks you consume so as to produce acids. Plaque’s stickiness keeps acids against the teeth’s surface, which gives an opportunity to break down a tooth enamel. The majority of the acid is produced after taking food, so every other time you eat a snack, the teeth are very much prone to plaque buildup within 30 minutes.

Tartar Buildup and Gum Disease

The same bacterial acids which destroy tooth enamel are able to initiate an infection of the gum tissue and also the bone surrounding the teeth. When you don’t get rid of all of the bacterial plaque from the teeth, then it hardens into tartar. Though the bacterial plaque leads to the gum disease, tartar buildup provides the bacterial plaque a place to thrive.

Weak Tooth Enamel

What causes tooth decay? Weak tooth enamel is not likely to resist the bacterial acids that are in the mouth that causes tooth decay. Use the fluoride toothpaste so as to strengthen and also protect the tooth enamel, and ask a dentist about any other sources of fluoride, like mouth rinses, supplements or even fluoridated water.

Tooth brushing

What causes tooth decay? Skimping out on personal care can hinder the ability to reverse the gum disease, and it normally starts with tooth brushing. Bacteria build up quickly when it isn’t regularly done, so brush teeth using a soft-bristle toothbrush for at least twice daily. Pay much attention to plaque that usually gathers around the gum line.

What causes tooth decay under a crown

Dental Cement and Bite Changes

A toothache which develops immediately after a crown is then placed is related to the gluing process or even an uneven bite. Dental cements which glue the crown are acidic or even rely on acidic primers, which might irritate the nerve that is in a tooth.

what causes tooth decay

what causes tooth decay

This might lead to pain or even temperature sensitivity that normally lasts for a few days, but is able to persist for up to 1 year. New crowns might as well lead to pain if the fit is off and leads to an uneven bite. If the crowned tooth is able to meet the opposing teeth before all others when biting down, pain will persist until the crown is finally filed down.

Cavities under Crowns

Even with a crown, a new cavity is able to develop at the border of the tooth and also the crown, in the same particular way that a cavity is able to form at the edge of a filling. A cavity is brought about by dental plaque buildup causing tooth decay. If the decay is spreading under the crown or is deeply into the tooth, then the nerve tissue becomes much inflamed and also very painful.

Should the bacteria from the decay reach the nerve by itself, root canal therapy or even the removal of the tooth is vital to clear the infection. Root canal therapy that happens in a crowned tooth involves drilling of a small hole into the crown to get rid of the infected nerve and also the surrounding tissue in the tooth roots.

Root Death and Root Fracture

What causes tooth decay? A tooth that needs a crown was rarely as such normal beforehand. Crowns are normally required due to the deep or even the large cavities. Even when it is crowned, the nerve might have been sufficiently damaged via the preexisting tooth problem that it dies.

This might cause a localized infection, a tooth abscess, which usually needs root canal therapy. Sometimes, even after such given treatment, the infection then comes back and further treatment might include replacing of the crown. Also, like any other tooth, a crowned tooth develops a fracture in the root. When this happens, the tooth requires to be extracted.

Gum Issues and Cement Failure

The gums that are around a crowned tooth might recede with time, thus exposing part of the root and causing a hot or cold sensitivity, or even both. Gum recession is normally associated with forceful tooth brushing. Areas of the gum recession are especially susceptible to the developed plaque buildup, which can cause a painful gum infection.

what causes tooth decay

what causes tooth decay

Cement leakage that occurs at the edge of the crown happens in some other people. This might be associated with the pain that is in the tooth, although it is very much unclear whether leakage may actually lead to pain. Failure of the bond to properly leading to the crown moving or even coming off may also lead to pain in a crowned tooth.

What bacteria causes tooth decay

What causes tooth decay? The tooth surface usually loses some tooth mineral from the action of an acid that is formed by plaque bacteria after the ingestion of foods that have fermentable carbohydrates. This mineral is usually replenished by saliva that is between meals.

But, when fermentable foods are eaten, the low pH that is in the plaque is much sustained and have a net loss of the mineral that emanates from the tooth happens. This low pH then selects for aciduric organisms, like the S mutans and also lactobacilli, which (especially the S mutans) store the polysaccharide and then continue to secrete acid long after food has been swallowed.

What food causes tooth decay

Sugary food and also the drinks are one of the main reasons behind the tooth decay.

Acid is normally produced when bacteria in the mouth break down sugar. The acid then dissolves the tooth surface, which is usually the first stage and indication of tooth decay.

Sugar in food and drinks

Some sugars happen naturally in the food and drink, like the fruit, honey and also the milk. The naturally occurring sugar that is found in dried fruit, like the raisins, dates and also the apricots may also contribute to the tooth decay.

Other foods have some amount of sugar added to them by manufacturer, which is sometimes known as the processed food. These might include:

  • biscuits
  • chocolate
  • flavored yoghurts
  • sugary breakfast cereals
  • fruit canned in syrup
  • sauces and syrups, like the some pasta sauces and ketchup

What causes tooth decay tooth decay in children

what causes tooth decay

what causes tooth decay

Sugary drinks. Children are not supposed to sip on sugary drinks for extended periods of time. If you give the child beverages other than taking water, serve them in a can or even a glass and limit the consumption time. If you do give the sugary drinks in the sippy or even other types of cups, instruct the children to finish quickly. Take away the cup after a good amount of time. Healthy eating and also drinking not only plays an important role in the overall health, it may have a profound impact on the oral hygiene.

Sleeping with bottles. Even milk is able to lead to tooth decay. If you do put the child to sleep with a bottle, it should have water only.

Candy. Sucking on the candy is a method way that kids can extend exposure to sugar. Limit sweets as well as the time that it takes for children to consume them, and also make sure that the children brush afterward.

Improper oral hygiene. Have children maintain proper oral hygiene, which includes brushing after meals and daily flossing, so as to reduce the risk of cavities.

Treatment for tooth decay

If the dentist detects any small area of erosion that is on the enamel before it reaches the dentin, he can as well suggest an approach that assists to repair the spot. This particular process include use of mouth rinses, toothpastes or even the filling materials that have fluoride, calcium and also phosphates. Ask the dentist about use of various mouth rinses for treatment of early decay and also cavity prevention.

When the decay reaches the dentin, there will be turning back. A small cavity may be repaired using either an amalgam filling (which has silver and several other metals) or even a tooth-colored resin material. If the tooth has lost a lot of the structure, the dentist might require to do a crown. Crowns strengthen and also restore shape and also function to the teeth, but they then cost quite a bit more than using a simple filling.

An abscessed tooth is the worst-case scenario, and thus the treatment options are very much slim: You may either opt for a root canal treatment or even an extraction, though the dentist can only do extractions when there is no any other means available for saving the tooth.

Should you need a root canal, the dentist or even an endodontist will do away with the diseased pulp and also clean and thus seal the pulp chamber. After root canal treatment, teeth might become brittle and then break easily. If you lose a tooth structure because of the decay, then the dentist might as well recommend a crown for the tooth.

Tooth decay home remedies

  1. Clove

Clove is an important ingredient for treatment any kind of the dental issue, which includes cavities. Due to its anti-inflammatory and also the antibacterial properties, clove might assist alleviate pain and also prevent the cavity from spreading.

  • Dilute 3 drops of clove oil with 1 teaspoon of the sesame seed oil. Put some drops of the solution on a clean cotton ball and then dab the solution on the affected tooth. Repeat the process every night before going to sleep.
  • Another option is to chew a whole clove so as to extract its oil. Then keep the clove under tongue for about 5 minutes.

Do not make use of clove oil in excess or frequently as it better used for temporary relief.

  1. Salt

Salt is also be used in treatment of cavities because of its antiseptic and also the antibacterial properties. It is able to reduce inflammation, , draw out any infection and also prevent growth of the bacteria in the mouth.

  • Dissolve 1 teaspoon of the salt in a glass of warm water. Swish a mouthful of the solution around in the mouth for a minute, highly concentrating on affected tooth. Follow the treatment about 3 times a day until the symptoms subside.
  • Alternatively, mix 1 teaspoon of salt and also a little mustard oil or even the lemon juice so as to make a paste. Massage the gums using the paste for about 5 minutes, then gargle using warm water. Repeat the process twice daily for about 10 days to kill the bacteria.
what causes tooth decay

what causes tooth decay

  1. Oil Pulling

Oil pulling is an old practice that is able to reduce cavities and also the bleeding gums and thus bad breath. It assists to clean the mouth of harmful bacteria that are very much responsible for several types of dental problems.

  1. Put 1 tablespoon of the sesame oil in mouth.
  2. Gently swish it around for about 30 minutes.
  3. Spit it out. Avoid swallowing the oil.
  4. Rinse the mouth out with warm water. Use salt water for additional antimicrobial benefits.
  5. Brush teeth as usual.
  6. Do the process daily in the morning, when you are on an empty stomach.

This may as well be done using sunflower or coconut oil.

  1. Garlic

Being very much rich in antibacterial and also antibiotic properties, garlic is recommended for the tooth decay and treatment of all what causes tooth decay. It may as well provide respite from the pain and also promote healthier gums and also the teeth.

  • Prepare a paste from 4 crushed garlic cloves and also about 1/4 teaspoon of the rock salt. Use it on the infected tooth. Leave it on for about 15 minutes before rinsing using a mouthwash. Do the process twice daily for 2 weeks so as to reduce cavities.
  • You may as well rub garlic oil on the affected tooth so as to get quick relief from the pain because of the cavity.
  • Eating a raw garlic regularly may as well provide effective results.
  1. Licorice

According to a study, licorice root might assist to keep teeth healthy. There are effective antibacterial compounds that are in dried licorice root – licoricidin and licorisoflavan A – that are able to prevent the growth of the cavity-causing bacteria. Also, the herb might also reduce plaque.

  • Use dried licorice root powder so as to brush the teeth on a regular basis.
  • You may use a soft stick that is made of licorice just like a toothbrush so as to brush the teeth daily.
  1. Turmeric

In Ayurveda, turmeric is normally used so as to provide respite from what causes tooth decay. It contains antibacterial and also the anti-inflammatory properties that assists to keep the gums healthy and thus prevent tooth decay because of the bacterial infection.

  • Apply turmeric powder on the affected teeth. Leave it on for about 10 minutes and then rinse well using warm water.
  • Another option is mixing of about 1 teaspoon of the turmeric powder with a little mustard oil and then use it to massage the teeth and also the gums. Leave it on for about 15 minutes and spit it out.


Further references;

  1. Top 10 Causes of Tooth Decay: http://drgershberg.com/top-10-causes-tooth-decay/
  2. What are the causes of gum line erosion and decay: https://www.angieslist.com/articles/what-are-causes-gum-line-erosion-and-decay.htm
  3. How Bacterial Plaque Causes Gum Disease And Tooth Decay: http://www.colgate.com/en/us/oc/oral-health/conditions/plaque-and-tartar/article/how-bacterial-plaque-causes-gum-disease-and-tooth-decay-0914
  4. Decay Under Existing Crowns: http://kenoradentist.com/dental-articles/decay-under-existing-crowns/
  5. A Toothache in the Tooth With a Crown: http://www.livestrong.com/article/147437-a-toothache-in-the-tooth-with-a-crown/
  6. Microbiology of Dental Decay and Periodontal Disease: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK8259/
  7. Which foods cause tooth decay: http://www.nhs.uk/chq/Pages/which-foods-and-drinks-containing-sugar-cause-tooth-decay.aspx?CategoryID=51&
  8. Toddler Tooth Decay And How To Prevent It: http://www.colgate.com/en/us/oc/oral-health/life-stages/childrens-oral-care/article/toddler-tooth-decay-and-how-to-prevent-it-0314
  9. Home Remedies for Tooth Decay and Cavities: http://www.top10homeremedies.com/home-remedies/home-remedies-tooth-decay-cavities.html


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