An insight into white Marks on Nails, vitamin deficiency, zinc deficiency, white nail bed, after removing polish, what it means, pictures and how to get rid
White Marks on Toenails
Leukonychia is a health condition where white marks appear on finger or toenails. This is a common issue, and it is not harmful. Most of the healthy people can have the marks at some point in their lives, so having them is likely not an indication of a serious medical condition.
For some other people, the white spots can appear as being tiny dots that are seen across the nail. For other people, the white spot can be larger in size and stretch across the nail. The marks can affect one nail or more.
The most common cause of this condition is injury to nail bed. These particular injuries can happen if you strike your nail or even the finger. Frequent manicures and also pedicures, or use of acrylic nails, can also damage the nail beds. Several other issues are said to be responsible for unusual marks on nails.
White marks on nails are very common. Several issues might cause them which includes:
- allergic reaction
- fungal infection
- mineral deficiency
An allergy to a nail polish, hardener, or even the nail polish remover might lead to white spots on nails. The use of acrylic nails can badly damage your nails and might lead to the white spots.
A common nail fungus known as the white superficial onychomycosis appears on toenails. The first indication of an infection may be some small white marks on nails. The infection grows and spreads to the nail bed. Toenails appear flaky becoming thick and brittle.
Injury to the nail
An injury at the base of your fingernail can lead to white spots on your nail as it grows. But, because of the time it takes for fingernails to grow, you might not recall when the injury occurred. Some of the injuries will not show up for a period of 4 weeks or even more.
Common sources of injuries to nails are:
- shutting your fingers
- striking your fingers
- hitting your nails
Frequent manicures can also damage the nails leading to white spots on your nails. Pressure that is applied by the manicurist can also damage the nail beds.
You can also notice white spots along your nails if you are deficient in some of the minerals. The deficiencies commonly linked to this are zinc deficiency and calcium deficiency.
Less common causes for the white spots on nails are:
- heart disease
- renal failure
While possible, these causes are rare. Your doctor will explore a host of several other conditions if you have persistent white marks on nails before considering these serious issues.
White spots on nails can appear in several ways. They look like:
- pen point-sized dots
- larger “lines” that run across the nail
- larger individual marks
The cause for the white marks on your nail can dictate how the marks appear.
You can also have additional signs, depending on cause of the white spots. For instance, a nail injury may lead to a large white spot in the middle of nail. An allergic reaction might lead to several dots all over the nail. The appearance of white lines can also be different on each nail.
White Spots on Nails Vitamin Deficiency
It’s not very uncommon to notice some of the white marks on nails. They are known as leukonychia as explained in the previous section, and they appear as small white streaks on nails. If you’ve been sick and thus haven’t been eating well and you develop them on your fingernails, then you might wonder if they’re brought about by vitamin deficiency.
What Causes Spots
The spots on fingernails were probably brought about by an injury which you got months ago. If you injure your nail at base, then a white spot can show up weeks later as the nail continues to grow.
It doesn’t necessarily have to be a major injury. Since the spots don’t show up until later, you might not associate any injury which happened several weeks ago with them.
Sometimes, white marks on nails indicate a minor infection or even an allergic response to the nail polish or any other nail care products. Spots on your nails can also be a symptom of eczema, or an indication that your body is low in the mineral zinc
How to Get Rid of Spots
Unfortunately, the only way that can be used to get rid of white marks on nails is to just let them grow out. You may also try to prevent spots on nails by being very careful not to hit them thus causing a spot to form. If the spots on fingernails bother you, cover them using nail polish.
Try eating more amount of fish, poultry as well as whole-grain products if you suspect your diet is low in zinc and leading to the marks on your fingernails.
Signs of Vitamin Deficiencies
It can take months for vitamin deficiencies to show symptoms. Once symptoms develop, they get worse with the period of time that you have the deficiency. Symptoms include yellowish skin, a red tongue, weight loss as well as diarrhea.
You can also feel very dizzy, forgetful or even irritable. Muscle weakness, fatigue and also a feeling of unsteady on your feet are symptoms of vitamin deficiencies. Shortness of breath and numb feet or hands also indicate a vitamin deficiency.
Avoiding Vitamin Deficiencies
Eating a well-balanced diet can greatly assist in ensuring that you get all the vitamins which you need so as to stay healthy and avoid any symptoms that are associated with vitamin deficiency. Eat a variety of fruits, whole grains, dairy and also proteins.
If you’re concerned that you might be having a vitamin deficiency, then you should consult your doctor who might suggest taking of the supplements.
White Spots on Nails Zinc Deficiency
Some of the researchers claim that white marks on your fingernails are due to a zinc deficiency; although others say this is not the case. Researchers at the Princeton Brain Bio Center, believed white marks on nails are an early indicator of a dietary zinc deficiency.
Just six medium-size oysters can give you more than 500 percent of your daily recommended amount of zinc; other natural sources of zinc include beef shanks, pork shoulder, beans and yogurt.
White Nail Beds
There are several problems that can lead to the condition. If it is one or several fingers on same hand, then this can be because of trauma. Getting your hand caught in a door, or dealing with a “crushing” type of injury can cause white nail beds.
Another problem can be the underlying medical conditions, like diabetes, which causes problems with oxygenation of fingertips. This might make your nail beds appear white or give them a blue tint.
In addition to a person being diabetic, there are several other serious medical problems which can cause white nail beds on all fingers. This include malnutrition, anemia, liver cirrhosis, or even the kidney disease.
The problem can also be a fungal infection. This make your nails white, and they can start softening. Eventually you can lose the fingernail.
When to Seek Medical Help
Though it is very crucial to mention your white nail beds to the doctor at your visit, it might as well not be cause for any serious alarm. But, other problems with nails, in addition to the white nail beds, might imply that you get attention immediately. These include fingernails which are suddenly thickening, distorting in shape, or even developing the raised ridges.
If there is any problem with fingernails that changes appearance, then your doctor might want to run several tests so as to figure out what the problem is. This includes testing on nails itself, or even the blood work so as to rule out any underlying medical conditions.
White Marks on Nails after Removing Polish
Fungi are said to be a major cause of the white marks on nails. A common nail fungus known as onychomycosis can also appear on toenails. This infection is largely characterized by the small white spots on nails. This infection makes toenails appear flaky, thick and brittle.
This infection makes the discoloration larger and can spread to other toenails. In some of the cases, your toenails might develop multiple colors besides the white spots.
The main factors which contract fungal infections include:
- Sharing footwear: this occurs when you share shoes with an infected person.
- Nail polish: nail polish can block circulation of air in nail, thus encouraging the development of fungal infections.
- Walking barefoot: soil has several microorganisms that can cause fungal infections of nails
- Sweaty feet: the moist environment in your shoes due to sweating creates a favorable condition for development of fungal infections.
- Injury on toenail: An injury at the base of your fingernail can lead to white spots on nails as they grow. These particular small injuries on each of the cuticle appear as the small white mark on the nail surface. Some of the injuries takes some time for white spots to appear because of the slow growth of nails.
What Does It Mean When Your Nails Are White?
Leukonychia can be brought about by several different factors, largely depending on the type.
Injury to nail plate where the nail grows from, can lead to damage to the nail. This injury is common in children and is said to be the cause of white marks on nails.
The types of injury that can lead to this include:
- nail biting
- small footwear, leading to abnormal pressure on the nails
As a result of the indicated injuries, the spot can grow out with the nail.
Poisoning and drugs
Several forms of poisoning can cause leukonychia. This cause is very rare and leads to transverse leukonychia.
Poisoning as well as medication that can cause white areas on or even under the nails include:
- heavy metal poisoning from the metals, like arsenic
- chemotherapy treatment that is used for cancer, which can either be given by mouth, injection, or even infusion through skin to try and get rid of the cancer cells or even stop them from dividing
- sulphonamides, which is a medication that is used for bacterial infections, like skin infections, septicemia, as well as infections of urinary tract
Systemic diseases can lead to white nails. If so, then they are an indication that there is a problem elsewhere in body. Again, this is rarely the cause of white marks.
Illnesses which leads to white marks on nails include:
- iron deficiency anemia, which is a lack of iron in body
- liver cirrhosis
- heart failure
- problems with digestion of proteins
White Spots on Nails Pictures
How to Get Rid Of White Spots on Nails
The choice on how to get rid of white marks on nails is determined by the cause.
White Spots on Nails Medical Treatment
Where the cause is not an obvious infection, a diagnosis can be required so as to determine the cause. This is determined through:
Mycology: a procedure in which nail clippings are taken and studied so as to determine appropriate treatment to be given.
Biopsy: With this, some of the nail tissue is extracted and then tested
Blood Tests: This is necessary where a systematic disease is largely suspected.
Once the cause of milk spots is identified, then treatment should be administered to assist stop further formation of white marks.
How to get Rid of White Spots on Nails at Home
It is possible to intervene and get rid of white marks at home and also assist to prevent them from happening again. Below is how.
- Moisturize Daily
To assist your nails stay strong and also healthy, take good care of them. Moisturizing is important and is supposed to be done daily. Before going to bed, rub some amount of a hand moisturizer on your nails. Alternatively, use some amount of vitamin E oil on nails so as to reduce formation of white spots on nails.
- Keep Hands Clean
This goes a long way in prevention of the white marks on nails which are due to the nail bed infections. Wash your hands regularly and carry a hand sanitizer with you always.
- Protect your Nails from Injury
It is very crucial that you to take good care of your nails and also treat them in a gentle manner. This is important if yours are soft nails as these are predisposed to injuries even with some slight trauma.
If you indulge in nail biting habit, try and quit. Also ensure that you stay away from use of the nails in cutting things or conduct tasks which subject them to unnecessary pressure.
- Use a Professional Manicurist
While manicures can give your nails a very pleasant look, they can also be a source of agony. Inappropriate trimming and pushing the cuticles hard could lead to white marks on nails. In addition to having the spots on nails, inexperienced people can add to the problem leading to the acrylic or matte nails end up with white dots. Make sure that whoever handles nails is an experienced professional. This will assist avoid white spots on nails that emanating from the procedure.
- Change Products to get Rid of White Spots on Nails from Nail Polish
Sometimes the cause of white marks on nails is reaction to the nail care products. A person might develop sensitivity to new products and products that they have used without a problem. Where your nails gets spotty after use of specific nail products, stop using them.
You can also change to other products or even give your nails a break from use of regular applications. One sure way to get rid of white marks after getting rid of the nail polish is staying away from it. If not in the long run, at least for a period of time so as to give room for the nails’ recovery.
- Consume a Healthy Diet
Though this is rarely a cause, zinc as well as calcium deficits can also be the reason for having white spots on nails. It is thus very crucial to ensure that you keep your diet balanced so as to have enough of the minerals in your body.
- Coconut Oil to Get Rid of White Spots on Nails
Coconut oil is indicated for its restorative properties done to skin. It usually acts as an anti-fungal agent and can assist to get rid of the white marks on nails which are due to infections. In addition it can obstruct dampness and discourage the growth of several other infection causing microorganisms.
- Use a cotton ball when you are applying coconut oil on nails 3 times a day.
- How to Get Rid of White Spots on Nails Fast and Overnight: http://www.beautyhealthhaven.com/2017/09/how-to-get-rid-of-white-spots-on-nails.html
- White spots on nails: Causes, prevention, and treatment: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/317493.php
- White Nails & Deficiencies: https://www.livestrong.com/article/153137-white-nails-deficiencies/
- Vitamin Deficiencies & Spots on Finger Nails: https://www.livestrong.com/article/495235-do-vitamin-deficiencies-cause-fingernail-ridges/
- Why Are There White Spots on My Nails: https://www.healthline.com/health/white-spots-on-nails